Moanoghar (http://www.moanoghar.org/) was started in 1975, in the Chittagong Hill Tracts of Bangladesh, soon after that young nation's civil war, leading to the birth of Bangladesh, formerly East Pakistan.
Moanoghar provides formal education, vocational training, health services and support for the socio-economic development of its students in the area and of the wider community. Moanoghar also aspires to promote and preserve indigenous culture and to act as a symbol of communal harmony to the wider community. You could say that Moanoghar embodies the most peaceful and skilful aspirations of these oppressed people, as, in 1976, only a year after Moanoghar's formation, another civil war started in this part of the world, this time in the Chittagong Hill Tracts (CHT). Unlike the earlier war India did not intervene, again, however, the Bangladeshi government was successful.
BODHI has supported Moanoghar for several years. In 2014-2015 (and extending to early 2016) Moanoghar became BODHI Australia's major recipient of financial assistance.
The problems in this area far precede the civil wars. For a start, it would have been nice if the authorities who divided India at its 1947 partition could have included more of this territory, with its almost exclusively non-Muslim people and culture (at that time), outside the control of Muslim dominated West and East Pakistan. Then, in the early 1960s, the Pakistani government flooded one of the most fertile valleys in the CHT, to form the Kaptai lake (to generate hydro-electric power). See images above.
This led to the inundation of the capital city, Rangamati, and much cultural loss. It also led to the displacement of thousands of Jumma people, most of whom were given asylum in 1967 by then Indian Prime Minister Nehru, in Arunachal Pradesh, India.
|File Size:||1297 kb|